In the late 12th century, Gothic architecture became the dominant style in most of the western Christian world. Churches and cathedrals are bigger with higher roofs. Walls are thinner and there are large windows to let in the light. Some of the windows have stained glass. The interior arches are pointed and they have ribbed ceilings. Both the outside and the inside are decorated with paintings and sculptures showing religious scenes.
Churches from the 11th and 12th century are built in a Romanesque style. Stone is the main building material and buildings have thick walls and small windows. Inside the buildings there are semi-circular arches. The ceilings have barrel vaults. The façade or outside of the building is decorated with carvings and sculptures.
GOTHIC VS ROMANESQUE